Offsetting our carbon dioxide (CO2)

Carbon and climate offsetting are deliberate coping schemes aimed at making up for an activity carbon dioxide (CO2) emission by reducing emissions elsewhere, such as through reforestation and/or biodiversity protection projects elsewhere in the world. According to the latest Science-Based Target initiative (SBTi) report, CO2 offset measures are essential in accelerating the ecological transition yet should not replace the need to reduce our CO2 emissions by 2030 with the aim of pursuing climate neutrality by 2050. Offsets can only be considered an option for those companies wishing to finance further emission reductions beyond their science-based target (SBTi). Thus, carbon offsetting is a useful but not sufficient measure to achieve carbon neutrality and should be planned later than reducing a company’s emissions. In addition, such environmental projects should have a clear and transparent social purpose: to preserve and restore natural assets to foster fruition by social capital and thereby boost relational capital.
To address tangible global climate changes, forests associated with offset projects – new, existing and enlarged – cannot out-compete the need for land for food production. Besides, their average size and age must be suitable for absorbing the huge amounts of CO2 we generate each year. According to an Oxfam report (Sen, Aditi, Dabi, Nafkote. 2021.Tightening the Net: Net zero climate targets – implications for land and food equity), it would take reforestation of 1.6 billion hectares, equivalent to 5 times the size of India, to absorb the global carbon emissions. Simply put, there is not enough land on Earth.

SBTi (Science Based Target Initiative) has approved our goals regarding CO2 emissions reduction:

90% of our suppliers by spend, covering purchased goods and services and capital goods, with science-based targets by 2027;

-30% absolute scope 1 and 2 GHG emissions by 2030

-30% of emissions from fuel and energy related activities (Scope 3) by 2030.


Carbon offsetting

Carbon offsetting and climate contributions are voluntary mechanisms aimed at offsetting a company’s carbon emissions by reducing CO2 emissions elsewhere.

Science Based Target Initiative (SBTi)

SBTi is a partnership between Carbon Disclosure Projects (CDP), the United Nations Global Compact (UNGC), the World Resources Institute (WRI) and the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) that sets the standard for climate action by committing companies to set science- based targets to reduce their emissions.


Oxfam is an international confederation of nonprofit organizations working to reduce global poverty through humanitarian aid and development projects.


Biological diversity or biodiversity, in ecology, is the variety of living organisms in their different forms, and within corresponding ecosystems. Biodiversity within a given environment means precisely, the variety of living organisms in it.

Scope 1, 2 and 3

These are the elements by which carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are accounted for and reported: Scope 1 – Direct emissions from the use of fossil fuels (natural gas); Scope 2 – Indirect emissions from the use of fossil-generated electricity; Scope 3 – Other indirect emissions from the transportation of raw materials, fuels, products and people.


Bit #3: Offsetting emissions